The primer of the camera:
Waterproof, Compact, DSLR, Mirrorless, Instant, Film … We made a walk in the Public Stores and between our cameras we had questions! Which one to choose? After I buy a camera rather than a car, why should I be interested in speed? What exactly does this ISO offer to my successful enthusiasts? These and many more are questions that reasonably arise in potential photographers preparing to take their first steps in the art of reflections.
While the fundamental question until yesterday, compact or D-SLR, seems to have been enriched – with mirrorless and cell phone cameras entering the game dynamically – many other questions remain. How many megapixels do I get a good result? What features do a wide-angle lens give me and what are the advantages of the stabilizers that are incorporated in my camera, still employing those who are trying to get into the unique art of photography?
So, so that the “other one sees your eye, another one records your lens and no filter can both balance them”, Insider.gr presents you with the camera alphabet which will help not only in its choice equipment that is right for you but also for proper reception.
D-SLRs, the digital SLR cameras and the mirror as the progenitors of professional analog cameras, have great features that let us create and play with the focus. The main feature that makes them stand out from the others is the viewfinder through which the photographer can see the subject being photographed. Of course, all modern DSLRs have a large LCD screen on their back. They can accept different lenses (from wide-angle to extra-wide telephoto lenses) and include a variety of adjustments and dozens of accessories that we select according to our creative requirements. The two main disadvantages: the high cost, although nowadays there are more economical solutions and their large volume and weight.
At the Public, we found the Canon EOS 100D Kit, which features an 18 Megapixel resolution that lets you print your photos later on large paper as a poster! The zoom lens is 18-55mm which means it’s like the 3x Compact cameras. The lens included is Canon’s improved 18-55 version incorporating optical image stabilizer (IS), while for Canon, it has made Full HD with 1920×1080 video cameras that you want and then you see clearly in one Full HD TV.
On the other hand, compact cameras are characterized by their ease of use (they do not require specialized knowledge of photography since most of the actions to take a photo are done automatically). Also known as point and shoot cameras, they are an economical solution and have more features than a cell phone’s photo. For example, better zooming, exposure control, white balance, focusing, etc. They have several features and remarkable technical features while at the same time they cost much less and come in a much more convenient package
Mirrorless: To bridge the gap between the two previous categories, Mirrorless Cameras emerged in recent years. cameras that have a small body that looks compact but much more. Specifically, what separates them from the DSLR is the absence of a mirror, and therefore a viewfinder, that is, an “eye”, so the framing is done directly from their LCD screen. This way they manage to be thinner and lighter than DSLR. On the other hand, what separates them from the compact is that despite their small size they accept interchangeable lenses. Besides, they include more manual settings and a significantly larger sensor than Compact, which often reaches the size and sensor of a DSLR.
Megapixel is mostly the camera sensor analysis. Think of how each digital photo consists of small “dots” that make up the mosaic of the image it presents. The denser the “mosaic” the better and the quality of the photo. Each “dot” is a Pixel while 1 Megapixel is a million pixels. By extension, when we say that a camera has a “5 Megapixels” sensor, we mean it can create a photo that consists of 5 million pixels. From this, we understand how much more the megapixel of the sensor the more excellent the clarity and the higher the quality of the photo.
Of course, it’s worth thinking that unless we want to print gigantically, the 10 megapixel is pretty good (even 8 are enough for an average size print). Extra megapixels are aimed at those who want to make more creative photography, which also requires additional editing on the computer.
Zoom: It’s not a few times that we’re reading on the camera stands for their various zoom, even 20x. Surely a big zoom lens solves our hands in many cases since we can bring our subject as close as we want without having to move. It is essential, however, to separate the optical zoom from the digital one.
This is the sensitivity of the camera to the available light. The larger the ISO number, the more sensitive the sensor is to the light, and vice versa. The ISO setting is used depending on the lighting conditions, as the large ISO will likely generate “noise” and beams if there is insufficient lighting.
The golden intersection for a more “professional” result is to try to take pictures of the lighting conditions at a minimum and with the smallest possible number of ISO – without excluding cases such as athletic contests where the big ISO gives better results, due to the sensor’s “quick response”.