New Technology Supercomputers:
Today we have many technologies on the board such as flying cars, space rockets and many more but new super technology supercomputers are the most critical part of the technology world.
The supercomputer is called a computer that is noticeably different from computers used by ordinary users regarding the number of floating point calculations they can perform per second.
Supercomputers usually consist of hundreds or even thousands of processors and are used in large laboratories, including very demanding simulations (eg, galaxy or planet-to-planet star behavior).
Calculation capability is typically measured with the Flops (Floating-Point Operations Per Second, mobile floating point calculations per second).
The computing power of today’s supercomputers has exceeded 1 PetaFlop.
The New York World newspaper first used the term supercritical in 1920 as a reference to IBM’s specially built electromechanical automated tabular devices for Columbia University.
Real supercomputers appeared in the 1960s with designer Seymour Cray working on Control Data Corporation (CDC).
In the 1970s Crewe created his own company, Cray Research, which has dominated the supercomputer, with its creations, for five years (1985-1990).
In the 1980s, a large number of smaller companies entered this field alongside the creation of the microcomputer a decade earlier.
Many of these companies were closed in the mid-1990s due to what we call a supercomputing market today.
Currently, supercomputers are manufactured by sizeable traditional computer companies, such as IBM and HP, who have bought the smaller ones.
Supercomputers are usually unique and unique large constructions. Cray Research continues to build supercomputers.
In the new Cray supercomputers, as in the IBM Roadrunner, the AMD Opteron processors
Modern supercomputer constructions almost typically use thousands of parallel microprocessors in parallel to achieve very high processing speeds.
One of these supercomputers, Blue Gene / L, contains 65536 microprocessors and has reached a maximum speed of 596 TFlops (teraflops that is trillions)
IBM has also built the most powerful computer to date, called Roadrunner. It uses the Blue Gene / L standard processors and an additional 16,000 eight-cell IBM processors in the Sony Play station 3 gaming machine.
The total processing power is four times greater than that of Blue Gene / L and exceeds one PetaFlop (1000 TeraFlop = 1 PetaFlop, tens of trillions or 1015 Flop) .
He is based in Los Angeles, New Mexico, to simulate nuclear tests. Its installation was completed in 2008 and occupies an area of 1100 square meters.
With the deployment of broadband networks, many home computers can connect to central servers over the Internet and work cumulatively to achieve high computing power.
Two essential efforts in this direction are the BOINC middleware platform of the University of California, Berkeley and Folding @ Home of Stanford University, using the Play station 3 cell processors.
In Folding, @ Home the statistics show for users Play station 3 an average speed of 560 TFLOPS while for Windows 186 TFLOPS. BOINC is a multidimensional project with SETI @ Home. Its total average speed is 550 TeraFlops.
Indicative values for standard processors, gaming machines, and graphics processors.
Intel Pentium 4 about 10 G Flop.
The Xbox 360 gaming machine reaches 1 T Flop.
The Play station 3 theoretically at 2.18 TFLOPS.
The NVIDIA GeForce 7800 GTX 512 graphics card is about 200 G Flops.
The NVIDIA GeForce 8800 GTX graphics card has 330 G Flops.
The ATI Radeon X1900 graphics card is theoretically the 554 G Flops.
Four NVIDIA GeForce 7950 GX2 graphics cards, running parallel to SLI, reach 6 T Flops, demonstrating the superiority of PCs in games against gaming machines.
Intel’s Polaris experimental multi-core processor reaches 1 TFlop.